Duarte is back! Duarte está de volta!

Duarte is back! Duarte está de volta!

“We had several good developments in Cangandala. Firstly, and quite unexpectedly, old Duarte not only survived but made a sensational recovery. Only a few weeks after we had left him in shocking condition, we found him in great shape and looking after his girls.”

The sable bull carcass; A carcassa da palanca morta.

The sable bull carcass; A carcassa da palanca morta.

“If things went smoothly in Cangandala, it was however very different in Luando Reserve where poaching seems to be rampant, and we were faced with a number of shocking cases to illustrate this, in spite of the desperate efforts from the giant sable shepherds. Two shepherds on patrol were shot at by poachers and on a second occasion managed to apprehend a rifle, as the poacher escaped and left the weapon behind. Plenty of snare traps are being found and dismantled on a regular basis, but arguably the most shocking incident was when, during a routine patrol, the shepherds found a dead body of a freshly killed giant sable bull.”

Visit our Giant Sable page to read biologist Pedro Vaz Pinto’s Fourth Trimester 2012 Report with photos from Angola’s Cangandala Park, in English and Portuguese.

Pedro Vaz Pinto updating the Angola Field Group.

Biologist Pedro Vaz Pinto presented an update on Angola’s endangered giant sable (palanca negra gigante) to an audience of over 150 members of the Angola Field Group on October 25, 2012.

Audience hears the latest about the giant sable.

In the following video (part one of two) Pedro Vaz Pinto provides an overview of the giant sable including the history and place in Angola’s culture and environment today:

In the following video (part two of two) Pedro Vaz Pinto discusses the 2003 launch of the Giant Sable Project and Conservation Initiative in partnership with the Ministry of Environment – the project’s original objective was to locate the giant sable; the creation of the Shepherd Program in 2004; the publication in 2005 of the first photos of giant sable taken since 1982; information about the hybridaztion of the species that has taken place in Cangandala plus more Giant Sable project highlights up to 2008. Since 2009, the bulk of the project’s activities are being implemented by the Kissama Foundation and the main priority now is conservation of the giant sable.

More highlights from the presentation: 

2010: The first two calves were born in Cangandala and a new fenced camp of 2400 was created (in the process 10 hybrids were inadvertantedly caught inside). 

2011: A new camp of 400 ha was built and a new capture operation was launched; hyrbids were confined in a third camp. The team managed to catch and bring 6 new young females from Luando reserve: three two-year olds and three one-year olds. Two new bulls were also brought in: a young male and one ‘at the prime of life’ named ‘Ivan the Terrible’ due to his uncontrollable nature. Ivan eventually killed the young male and broke through the fence. A third calf was produced.

2012: Two females died of old age; one female became pregnant again and the first calf born in 2010 is now preparing to take over the herd. Currently poaching is the main threat to the giant sable. Snares and pit traps are widely used causing severe trauma and death. A staggering 15% of adult animals captured or photographed had nasty leg injuries caued by traps. About 75% of the Luando reserve is devoid of sables and less than 80 are estimated to survive. The total number of giant sable left is less than one hundred animals making it one of the most critically endangered mammals in the world.

Plan for 2013:
Up to twenty giant sable should be darted and released with VHF and GPS tracking devices for monitoring. Infrastructure should be built in Cangandala and the breeding program monitored. Ongoing genetic and ecological research will continue and be reinforced.

To read Pedro Vaz Pinto’s quarterly reports on the Giant Sable Project visit the Giant Sable page on this website.

Pedro Vaz Pinto at the presentation.

Edible, wild mushrooms fresh from Cangandala Park pop up during the rainy season.



The largest herd of giant sable in Lunado.

Angola’s giant sable (palanca negra), usually regarded as the most magnificent antelope in the world, is also one of the most endangered mammals in Africa today. From civil war to cross breeding and poaching, this animal’s struggle to survive continues. The Angola Field Group invites you to hear an update on The Giant Sable Conservation Initiative, Thursday, October 25 at 8:00 pm at the Viking Club, with Biologist Pedro Vaz Pinto, the man who has spent the last decade rescuing Angola’s splendid antelope. Pedro is also program manager for the Kissama Foundation and researcher at the Catholic University.

Pedro’s last Angola Field Group presentation was in 2009 when he told us about the capture program which translocated all the pure giant sable females in Cangandala National Park by air, to a safe enclosure in the park. Over the last few years the giant sable conservation initiative has made significant progress. A fenced camp covering 4,000 hectares was built in Cangandala National Park, and following the capture operation in 2009 mentioned above and a later one in 2011, a breeding program was initiated which has produced the first calves. Nevertheless there are less than 100 animals alive in total, making this magnificent creature one of the most endangered African mammals. In Luando Reserve, aerial surveys have allowed the project to locate the surviving herds, and several animals were marked and remotely tracked. Luando Reserve is the area of Malange province where the pure male giant sables were captured and flown to the fenced camp in Cangandala to breed with the pure females. Click on ‘Giant Sable’ on this website’s top menu or simply click here for more details of the capture/breeding program. The giant Sable Conservation Initiative is sponsored by: 

1) Block 15 (Esso,BP, Eni, Statoil) 

2) Sonangol & ExxonMobil

3) Angola LNG

Everybody is welcome to attend this presentation. The talk will be in English. In close cooperation with the Viking Club, this event is offered free of charge. Beverages and snacks are sold at the Viking Bar which opens at 7:30 PM. Coupons must be purchased. For sale, traditional baskets hand woven and organic wild honey from Moxico, Angola natural medicine books and posters, a new children’s color illustrated storybook and a book about the Cuvalei Basin in southern Angola.

You can download a map showing the location of the Viking Club on our Join Us page here. The Viking Club is on the main floor of Predio Maianga, the former Swedish Building, at Rua Marien N”Guabi, No 118 in Maianga, across the street from the new Panela de Barro restaurant.


And the big surprise: A little newborn calf with her young mother!

Visit our Giant Sable page to read Biologist Pedro Vaz Pinto’s latest news updates with photos from Cangandala Park, in English and Portuguese. 

Newly posted, Pedro Vaz Pinto’s first trimester report from Candangala 2012.

The three first offspring in Cangandala breeding program.

Theresa “is our main star, being the likely mother of three hybrids and having had now three pure calves just over two years of confinement – an exceptional performance!”

Click here to read the report on our Giant Sable page.



Newly posted, Pedro Vaz Pinto’s report of this August’s Giant Sable Capture Operation. Click here to read the Second Semester Report 2011 in English and Portuguese and see some stunning images of the operation in action.

“There must be no doubt that this magnificent creature is in desperate condition, on the verge of extinction.”

The largest giant sable herd, led by the dominant bull.

“As result of the last few months’ efforts we know now much better than ever before, the real situation on the ground. I believe we know how many herds there are left, exactly where they are all located, how many animals in each herd, and even the detailed population structure. There must be no doubt that this magnificent creature is in desperate condition, on the verge of extinction.”

The shepherds setting fire on a poacher's camp in Luando.

“What does come across very clearly is that not only was excessive poaching that reduced the giant sable population to the current condition, but also it is still very active at the moment and has been impacting the population very severely during the last few years.”

Logistics provided by the Angolan Air Force.

“With assistance from the military forces we are implementing action against poaching but also preventive measures against animal theft attempts.”

Not all is bad news in Pedro’s report. More pure giant sable are captured in the Luando Reserve and taken to Cangandala National Park

Trying to put Ivan on the stretcher to be hand carried to the MI-17!

“It took us 10 men and an enormous effort to carry that beast on a stretcher across 300 meters of tall dead grass, hidden termite mounds and fallen wood. It’s a shame we couldn’t weigh the bull but most guys agreed he may weigh well over 300kg.”

The difference in size is immense.

“The operation was a huge success. We managed to establish a new breeding group in Cangandala, including a new bull and six young females.”

“It made us wonder if the bull couldn’t have gone under the fence and escaped the sanctuary… there were plenty of fresh tracks inside and the bull wouldn’t leave his girls, would he? But still, how could we be sure? We located a good spot and planted a trap camera there, but we would have to wait a few weeks for an answer.”

The bull wouldn’t leave his girls, would he?

Visit our Giant Sable page to read Biologist Pedro Vaz Pinto’s latest news updates with photos from Cangandala Park, in English and Portuguese.

The birth of a second pure giant sable calf  in Cangandala park!!

“As for the calving success, and in spite of the joy of facing the second newborn, it was disappointing not to have had more calves in the sanctuary in 2010. Females that at one point seemed to show pregnancy signs ended up not delivering the goods. All in all as we concluded the first year, we were left with a bitter-sweet taste… there was breeding but below expectations.”

The younger calf.

Visit our Giant Sable page to read Biologist Pedro Vaz Pinto’s latest news updates with photos from Cangandala Park, in English and Portuguese.

Finally, a pure giant sable calf born in Cangandala park!!

A young male

Years of hard work and recent months of expectations finally paid off when, in July 27th (precisely one year since we caught the first giant sable – bull in Luando), we were shown by the proud herd in the sanctuary, a little calf! The first pure calf in years to be born in Cangandala National Park, and reason for renewed hope. It is a motivating milestone, and living proof that we are on the right track. A nice young male.

Proud father

Visit our Giant Sable page to read Biologist Pedro Vaz Pinto’s latest news updates with photos from Cangandala Park, in English and Portuguese.

… “It’s a fact: the hybrids are capable of breeding!”


Visit our Giant Sable page to read Biologist Pedro Vaz Pinto’s latest news updates with photos from Cangandala Park, in English and Portuguese. Also, the latest article  ‘Angola’s Giant Sable Makes A Triumphant Comeback’  in the Fall 2010 issue of SWARA, the East African Wildlife Society’s Journal.